Sunday, September 20, 2015

A Total Eclipse of the Moon Sunday Evening September 27


I thought you might like advance notice of a very nice upcoming lunar eclipse visible next Sunday evening in North and South America and in the early morning in Europe and parts of Africa and west Asia. Below are the basics in the form of questions and answers.  All you need to enjoy the eclipse is clear skies and (on the American west coast) an unobstructed view toward the East.

Next week you will start reading media reports about this being both a “blood moon” and a “supermoon,” but don’t pay too much attention to that.  The Moon will be a bit closer to the Earth in its orbit than average, making it look a bit bigger, but the difference is not especially significant.  And every lunar eclipse could turn reddish, as explained below.  It’s rarely the color of blood, but the media love anything that can be connected to thoughts of violence.

The Sept. 27, 2015 Total Eclipse of the Moon

1. What Is Happening?

On Sunday evening Sept. 27, a total eclipse of the Moon will be visible from throughout the U.S. (and North and South America.) In a lunar eclipse, the full Moon & the Sun are exactly opposite each other in our sky, and the Earth gets between them. This means the Earth’s shadow falls on the full Moon, darkening it.  It’s a nicely democratic event; no special equipment is needed to see it (provided it’s not cloudy or foggy.) Plus it happens early in the evening; kids can watch & still be awake for school next day.

2. When Will the Eclipse Happen?

The table below is for the U.S. (for other countries and continents, see: http://www.timeanddate.com/eclipse/lunar/2015-september-28  which can be set for your home location.) 

Event
Pacific
Mountain
Central
Eastern
Partial eclipse starts
Moon not up
7:07 pm
8:07 pm
9:07 pm
Total eclipse starts
7:11 pm
8:11 pm
9:11 pm
10:11 pm
Total eclipse ends
8:23 pm
9:23 pm
10:23 pm
11:23 pm
Partial eclipse ends
9:27 pm
10:27 pm
11:27 pm
12:27 am

As Earth’s shadow slowly moves across the Moon, we first see only part of the Moon darkening (partial eclipse).  When our shadow completely covers the Moon, we see a total eclipse. The best time to start watching is about a 20 minutes before total eclipse begins, when much of the Moon is already darkened. 

NOTE: On the west coast, the eclipse will start low in the Eastern sky, so make sure your observing location has an unobstructed view toward the Eastern horizon.

3. What is Visible During a Lunar Eclipse?

As the shadow of the Earth covers the Moon, note that our natural satellite doesn’t become completely dark.  Some sunlight bent through the Earth’s atmosphere still reaches the shadowed Moon and gives it a dull brown or reddish glow.  The exact color of the glow and its darkness depend in part on the “sooty-ness” of our atmosphere – how recently volcanoes have gone off and how much cloud cover, storm activity, and human pollution there is around the globe. 

Once the Moon is totally eclipsed, the stars in the sky should become more easy to see.  What makes this eclipse a little bit unusual is that, by coincidence, it is happening just one hour after the Moon has reached the closest point in its monthly orbit around the Earth.  So the Moon will look a bit larger in the sky than usual.  (The media will be calling it a “supermoon,” but the effect is pretty subtle for the average person.)

4. Is it Safe to Watch, and How do I Watch?

Since the Moon is safe to look at, and eclipses make the Moon darker, there’s no danger in watching the eclipse with your eyes or a telescope.  (The dangerous eclipse is the solar one, where it is the Sun that gets covered.) And lunar eclipses don’t require you to go to a dark location.  Bring binoculars to see the Moon larger, but just your eyes are fine.  Since the total eclipse will last for an hour and 12 minutes, be sure to take someone along with whom you like to spend time in the dark!

5. What Can I Tell My Kids (or Kid Brother or Sister)?

Suggest that they take a careful look at the shadow of the Earth as it moves across the bright face of the Moon.  What shape is it?  The round shape of the Earth's shadow suggested to the ancient Greeks, more than 2000 years ago, that the Earth’s shape must be round too.  Eclipse after eclipse, they saw that the Earth cast a round shadow, and deduced that we lived on a round planet (long before we had pictures of it from space.)

4 comments:

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  2. Thank you, Professor Fraknoi! I am interesting in showing my kids from an unobstructed viewpoint: is there going to be a viewing event at Foothill College Observatory that is open to the public?

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